Cutting-Edge Entrepreneurial Research

The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor is the largest single study of entrepreneurial activity in the world.

The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) is a not-for-profit academic research consortium that aims at making high quality information on global entrepreneurial activity readily available to as wide an audience as possible. 

The GEM research programme is an annual assessment of the national level of entrepreneurial activity.

Based on a harmonized assessment of the level of national entrepreneurial activity for all participating countries, the research involves exploration of the role of entrepreneurship in national economic growth. Systematic differences continue, with few highly entrepreneurial countries reflecting low economic growth. There is, further, a wealth of national features and characteristics associated with entrepreneurial activity. 

GEM 2018 Report


Initiated in 1999 with 10 countries, the 2013 GEM Global survey is set to cover 75% of world population and 89% of world GDP. The United Kingdom was a founding GEM nation. Additional GEM reports for Scotland and Wales began in 2000. In 2002, the year of the first study for Northern Ireland and for some of the English regions, we decided to merge our data and create an integrated GEM UK project that incorporated Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland and the English regions.  This immediately gave us a bigger study overall and our 2002 report was based on a survey of some 16,000 adults of working age across the UK.  Since 2002 the project has grown in terms of size and scope. By 2013 we now have a pooled dataset for the UK of nearly 300,000 individuals which enables us to provide analysis of the trends in entrepreneurial attitudes, aspirations and activity across a range of sub-national geographies.  

We have undertaken bespoke analysis for a range of UK clients including BIS; Welsh Government; Invest NI; Defra; RBS; Commission for Rural Communities; English RDAs.  The GEM UK team works closely with the team producing the Global Entrepreneurship Development Index (GEDI) which has resulted in analysis for Scottish Enterprise and Invest NI.

For further information, please visit   

Report for World Economic Forum - 21 January 2015: Leveraging Entrepreneurial Ambition and Innovation: A Global Perspective on Entrepreneurship,Competitiveness and Development

Report for Royal Bank of Scotland - 22 October: Women in Enterprise: A Different Perspective

Report for Royal Bank of Scotland - 10 September: Closing the generational start-up gap

The Times - 31 July 2017: A company built in your spare time doesn’t mean it’s a hobby

Forbes - 6 July 2017: How Women Joined The UK's Startup Party

Aston University, Press Release - 5 July 2017: Surge in female start-ups narrows ‘enterprise gap’

Independent - 5 July 2017: Gender gap narrows among entrepreneurs as women excel with start ups

The Scotsman - 5 July 2017: Glasgow entrepreneur launches lone worker safety alarms

Aston University, Press Release - 12 May 2016: New report reveals immigrants' eye for business

Exporting by Male and Female Entrepreneurs over the Business Cycle - 11 November 2014

The Telegraph - 11 July 2014: Move over whizz kids, this is the age of the olderpreneur

BizSmart - 4 July 2014: More over-50s are becoming entrepreneurs

Study reveals new generation of over 50s emerging as entrepreneurs - 2 July 2014   

Midlands Business News - 3 July 2014: New generation of over 50s emerge as entrepreneurs

News Letter - 3 July 2014: 50-year-olds emerge as the ‘new entrepreneurs’

PR Newswire - 2 July 2014: New Generation of Over 50s Emerge as Entrepreneurs

The Economic Voice - 2 July 2014: New Generation of Over 50s Emerge as Entrepreneurs

Aston University, Press Release - 23 August 2012: "UK business start-up expectations and activity rise to new highs in 2011"

Aston University, Press Release - 27 April 2011: "Entrepreneurs adjust to new funding era"

Aston University, Press release - 17 March 2011: "TV helping promote entrepreneurship as a career"

Department for Business Innovation & Skills (BIS) - 14 March 2011: - Professor Mark Hart's report on the impact of the media on entrepreneurial intentions and actions using GEM UK data

Daily Telegraph - 3 January 2010: "Female enterprise rates stood at 3.6% of the adult population, according to the latest Global Entrepreneurship Monitor"

University of Strathclyde, Press Release: "Business startup attempts drop in wealthiest countries" 


Latest Press Release 

Gig economy “a springboard for entrepreneurs”

Professor Mark Hart

Mark Hart new

The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (UK) is jointly managed by Professor Mark Hart.