Dr David Taplin

Visiting Lecturer- Mechanical Engineering & Design


David Taplin was born in Derbyshire, educated at Christ’s Hospital School in Sussex and is a materials engineer with a DipTech (Industrial Metallurgy 1961) from Birmingham College of Technology, a DPhil from Oxford University (Fracture Mechanics 1964) and a DSc from Aston University (Strength & Fracture of Materials 1979).

Professor Taplin has worked in Industry (ICI, Exxon) but in the main has held University posts (Lecturer, Professor, HoD, Dean).During his research career he received various awards including the Kamani Gold Medal from India, the Yokobori Gold Medal from Japan and the Institute of Materials Outstanding Achievement Award from the UK.

Taplin is presently Visiting Professor of Structural Integrity at Aston University and is CEO/President Emeritus of ICF, The International Congress on Fracture (www.ICFweb.org   www.ICF14.org). Dr Taplin was the Founding ICF Council member for Canada thereafter helping to build ICF to be the world premier society in its field including encouraging the evolution of new arenas beyond fracture & engineering structural integrity including sustainable design, safer engineering, geophysics and biomedics. David sails a C&C30 sloop berthed at RVYC marina in Vancouver where he is domiciled.

  • Fracture-mechanism maps for metals and alloys
    MF Ashby, C Gandhi, DMR Taplin - Acta metallurgica, 1979 Abstract: Fracture-mechanism maps are diagrams showing the fields of dominance of a given micromechanism of fracture: cleavage, ductile fracture, rupture, intergranular creep fracture…
    Cited by 330 
  • The turning of an Al/SiC metal-matrix compositeJM Monaghan, P O'Reilly, DMR Taplin - Journal of Materials, 1992 Abstract: Metal-matrix composites are a new range of materials possessing several characteristics that make them useful in situations where low weight, high strength, high stiffness, and an ability to operate at elevated temperatures are required. Cited by 111
  • The Cottrell Legacy: Metamorphosis of ICF into the World Academy of Structural Integrity
    Alberto Carpinteri, DMR Taplin IJSFC 8 2014 61-69
  • Fracture of a superplastic ternary brassS Sagat, DMR Taplin - Acta Metallurgica, 1976 – Elsevier Abstract: A study has been made of flow and fracture in a strain-rate sensitive ternary brass at 400-800C. The material is superplastic with an optimum ductility at 600 C.  Cited by 65 
  • Superplastic Materials  DMR Taplin, GL Dunlop, TG Langdon - Annual Reviews 1979      This review examines the mechanical behavior of those engineering alloys that exhibit a  marked strain-rate sensitivity of the flow stress during iso thermal, monotonic loading at  elevated temperatures. Such alloys are inherently resistant to necking Cited by 90 
  • Relationship between Grain Size & Integranular Cavitation in an Aluminium Alloy & α-Brass DMR Taplin VN Whittaker, JInstMetals 92 426-8 1963
  • Superplastic BronzeGL Dunlop, DMR Taplin - J Matls Science, 1972
    Abstract: The high temperature tensile properties of a micrograin Cu-9.5% Al-4% Fe alloy, which is superplastic at 800° C, have been determined. Elongations at fracture of greater than 700% are achieved Cited by 54 
  • Creating a Green Supply ChainI Bainbridge, DMR Taplin Greener Management, 2001
    This paper presents a case study of a supply chain that is concerned with the distribution of aluminium metal, starting from raw material from a metal supplier to a casting plant, billets from the casting plant to the component producer, and, finally, die-cast components. Cited by 56 
  • Study of intergranular cavitation in iron by electron microscopy of fracture surfaces DMR Taplin, AL Wingrove - Acta Metallurgica, 1967 – Pergamon Cited by 48 
  • Advances in fracture research
    MF Ashby, BF Dyson, P Rama Rao, DMR Taplin - Proceedings of ICF6, 1984
    Cited by 51 
  • Indentation plasticity and fracture of Si3N4 ceramic alloys
    MH Lewis, R Fung, DMR Taplin - Journal of Materials Science, 1981 - Springer

    Abstract: The response of a series of one-and two-phase β-Si 3 N 4 ceramic alloy surfaces to sharp diamond microindentation has been examined by optical and electron microscopy. The microhardness (H), which obeys the load-independent relation Cited by 37 
  • The morphology and growth of creep cavities in α-iron
    AL Wingrove, DMR Taplin - Journal of Materials Science, 1969 - Springer

    Abstract: Electron fractography has been used to study the intergranular cavities formed in alpha-iron during slow tensile deformation at high temperatures. A minimum in ductility is observed at about 700° C: this coincides with conditions where grain-boundary sliding Cited by 32 
  • A study of intergranular fracture in iron using auger spectroscopy
    BD Powell, HJ Westwood, DMR Taplin - Metallurgical, 1973 - Springer

    Abstract: Low temperature impact tests on three fairly pure irons have shown that the propensity for intergranular fracture is largely independent of prior heat treatment. Furthermore, the effects of carbon and oxygen contents and carbon: oxygen ratio Cited by 31 
  • A metallographic study of superplasticity in a micrograin aluminium bronze
    GL Dunlop, DMR Taplin - Journal of Materials Science, 1972 - Springer

    Abstract: The microstructures of micrograin Cu-9 to 10% Al-0 to 4% Fe alloys, which are superplastic at 800° C, have been determined. Metallographic studies after deformation at 800°C over a range of strain-rates encompassing the three stage strain-rate hardening Cited by 30 
  • The Relationship between Fracture Mechanics, Creep Cavitation and Ductility
    DMR Taplin
     – JAustInstMet, 1965 Cited by 30 
  • The Creep Fracture of Inconel X-750 at 700 C
    PK Venkiteswaran, DMR Taplin - Metal Science, 1974 - maneyonline.com

    Abstract: The creep-fracture behaviour of Inconel alloy X-750 at 700° C has been studied using four grain sizes ranging from 9 to 200 μm over a range of stress from 207 to 414 N/mm2. Cavity nucleation was continuous through the tests, starting during primary creep. Cited by 27 
  • Anisotropic ductility of a superplastic aluminum bronze
    GL Dunlop, JD Reid, DMR Taplin - Metallurgical Trans, 1971 - Springer

    The purpose of this communication is to present certain unusual experimental results obtained in a study of of the high temperature superplastic behavior of a microduplex aluminum bronze. Cited by 25 
  • Environmental, Stress-State and Section-Size Synergisms during Creep
    BF Dyson, DMR Taplin 1984 royalsocietypublishing.org Abstract: The time-dependent deformation and fracture characteristics of Inconel alloy X-750 have been studied at 700C under uniaxial and biaxial stressing. Several unusual sets of results were obtained, which led to the discovery of synergistic interactions
    Cited by 25 
  • The role of grain boundary migration during low-cycle fatigue of α-iron
    HJ Westwood, DMR Taplin - Metallurgical Transactions, 1972 - Springer

    Abstract Low-cycle fatigue tests have been carried out on α-iron over the temperature range 450° to 700° C. With increasing temperature, the number of cycles to failure decreased and the fracture changed from mixed transgranular/intergranular to almost entirely  Cited by 22 
  • The relationship between cavitation and ductility in microduplex brasses
    JJ Jonas
    DMR Taplin JAUSINSTMETALS 191 1975 Cited by 21 
  • The role of precipitation parameters on the creep rupture of Inconel X-750
    PK Venkiteswaran, MWA Bright, DMR Taplin - Materials Science and …, 1973 - Elsevier

    Abstract The effects of grain size in the range of 9–200 μm and of precipitation parameters on the creep rupture properties of Inconel alloy X-750 at 700 C have been investigated. Superior creep properties of 113 μm grain size material are associated with very low Cited by 19 
  • The Tensile Properties and Fracture of Uranium between -200C & +900C DMR Taplin – JAUSINSTMET 1967 Cited by 19 
  • The Hot Fracture of an Industrial Copper-Base Alloy
    CJ Beevers RG Fleck DMR Taplin - MetSciJ, 1975
    Cited by 19 
  • The tensile characteristics of a superplastic aluminium bronze
    DMR Taplin
    , S Sagat - Materials Science and Engineering, 1972  Cited by 19 
  • Electrophoretic deposition of nanoceramic particles onto electrically conducting fibre fabrics H Kern, HG Krueger, PA Trusty, DMR Taplin - EuroMat 43 1998Cited by 18 
  • Textures and Anisotropic Flow of a Superplastic Aluminum Bronze
    GL Dunlop, DMR Taplin - J AUST INST MET, 1971
    Cited by 17 
  • Prior deformation effects on creep and fracture in Inconel X-750
    MC Pandey, AK Mukherjee, DMR Taplin - Metallurgical Transactions A, 1984 - Springer

    Abstract Creep fracture process in Inconel alloy X-750 can be modified by room-temperature pre-straining. It has been observed that fracture in the pre-strained specimens occurred due to growth and inter-linkage of the pre-nucleated voids whereas failure occurred by plastic  Cited by 17 
  • Effects on Microstructural Degradation on Creep Life Prediction of  a CrMo Steel
    AM Abdel-Latif, JM Corbett, D Sidey, DMR Taplin - Advances in Fracture Research 1981
    Cited by 16 
  • Grain Boundary Sliding in Alpha Iron Under Monotonic and Cyclic Loading Conditions HJ Westwood, DMR Taplin - J. Aust. Inst. Met., 1975Cited by 15 
  • Residual creep life in low alloy ferritic steels
    HJ Westwood, DMR Taplin - CanadianMQ, 1979

    Abstract: The problem of predicting the residual creep life of components in electricity generating plant is discussed. Parametric methods of predicting long-time creep life are considered and the reasons for their inadequacy are explained.   Cited by 14 
  • Fracture at High Temperatures Under Cyclic Loading
    DMR Taplin
    , ALW Collins - Annual Review of Materials Science, 1978Metal fatigue is an everyday problem. It has been brought to the attention of the general public by frontpage newspaper stories. Textbook writers commonly choose the very homliest of examples to introduce the topic (1). Fracture of metals under cyclic loading Cited by 14 
  • Air-environment-creep interaction in a nickel base superalloy
    S Srinivas, MC Pandey, DMR Taplin - Engineering Failure Analysis, 1995 - Elsevier
    A Nimonic 263 alloy, widely used for combustion chamber applications in aeroengines, was exposed to air at 1020° C to study the oxidation-creep interaction at 780° C in the stress range of 160–275 MPa. Prior exposure of the alloy led to degradation of creep properties Cited by 13 
  • The effect of grain shape on the tensile properties of α uranium
    DMR Taplin
    , JW Martin - Journal of Nuclear Materials, 1963 - Elsevier
    Abstract Quenching and annealing procedures have been devised which produce samples of natural uranium of similar grain size and metallurgical state, but of three different grain profiles. Tensile tests have been carried out between 90 and 670 K, and the results Cited by 13 
  • Creating a green supply chain: a simulation and modelling approach
    TA Spedding, I Bainbridge, DMR Taplin - Greening the supply chain 2006  Abstract This paper presents a case study of a supply chain which is concerned with the distribution of aluminium metal, starting from raw material from a Metal Supplier to a Casting Plant, billets from the Casting Plant to the Component Producer, and finally, die-cast
    Cited by 16 
  • An Appraisal of Metallographic Techniques for Studying Cavities
    GJ Cocks, DMR Taplin - Metallurgia, 1967
    Cited by 13 
  • On the role of grain-boundary migration during the creep of zinc
    V Singh, PR Rao, DMR Taplin - Journal of Materials Science, 1973 - Springer

    Abstract Constant engineering strain-rate tensile tests have been carried out in the temperature range 20 to 150‡ C on high purity Zn, Zn-0.14 at.% Cu (alloy C) and Zn-0.16 at.% Al (alloy A) alloys. Measurements of angular distribution of orientations of grain  Cited by 11
  •   Grain Boundaries
    BF Dyson, DMR Taplin - Institute of Metallurgists Series, 1976
    Cited by 11 
  • Maps for depicting cavity nucleation during high temperature fatigue
    NY Tang, DMR Taplin, A Plumtree - Materials Science and …, 1985 - maneyonline.com

    Abstract Incubation time for nucleation of fatigue cavities at grain boundaries has been
    introduced to explain the frequency dependence of fatigue-fracture modes at elevated temperatures. It is suggested that for fatigue at relatively low frequencies, cavitation Cited by 10 
  • Creep ductility DMR Taplin - CanadianMetalsQ 1970Cited by 10 
  • The low-cycle fatigue behaviour of ofhc copper and a copper dispersion alloy at elevated temperatures GJ Cocks, DMR Taplin - J AUST INST MET, 1975 Cited by 10 
  • The distribution of cavities during creepDMR Taplin - Phil Magazine, 1969 - Taylor & Francis
    Abstract The angular distributions for grain-boundary cavities have been measured on a microsection for 70% Cu—30% Zn alpha-brass with a range of grain sizes after straining at a constant rate of 10—2 hr—1 at 450° c in an argon atmosphere. The histograms have been  Cited by 9 
  • Creep Fracture and Residual Life Prediction of a Petrochemical Tube Steel
    GL Dunlop, RJ Twigg, DMR Taplin - Scandinavian Journal of Metallurgy, 1978
    Cited by 9 
  •   Fracture during superplastic flow. Fracture 1977, Vol. 2, ICF4
    DMR Taplin
    , RF Smith - 1977 - Waterloo Univ Press Cited by 7 
  • Superplasticity in a commercial copper dispersion alloy
    RG Fleck, DMR Taplin - Canadian Metallurgical Quarterly, 1972

    Abstract: The high-temperature ductility of a fine-grained commercial copper dispersion alloy (CDA 638-Cu-2.8% Al-1.8% Si-0.4%. Co) has been investigated in the temperature range 400°–800° C at strain rates of 10-2 to 1 min-I.   Cited by 8 
  • Use of simulation and modelling to develop a sustainable production system
    DMR Taplin
    , TA Spedding - Sustainable, 2006 - Wiley Online Library
    Abstract: This paper seeks to establish a practical definition of the term sustainable development, and relate it to a company's performance. Simulation and modelling tools are applied to gain a holistic view of the activities associated with a metal casting company Cited by 8 
  • The mechanical behaviour of cerium-modified brass at high temperatures
    T Chandra, 
    JJ JonasDMR Taplin - Journal of Materials Science, 1976 - Springer
    Abstract: The mechanical behaviour of a fine-grained Cu-38.6% Zn alloy with and without 0.07% Ce was studied at 475 to 675° C. It was found that the addition of Ce lowered the flow stress by a factor of three. It was concluded that this arose from a decrease in the volume Cited by 7 
  • Grain size strengthening and weakening in a copper base alloy
    RG Fleck, DMR Taplin - Journal of Materials Science, 1973 - Springer

    At low temperatures metals show an increase in strength as the grain size is decreased. This phenomenon has been recognized for some time [1] and plays an important role in the fabrication of alloys for low temperature applications. Under conditions of creep Cited by 7
  • Bulge-forming characteristics of two superplastic copper alloys
    GJ Cocks, G Rowbottom, DMR Taplin - Metals Technology, 1976 - maneyonline.com

    Abstract:The deformation of two industrial alloys which exhibit superplasticity (Cu-9· 5Al-4Fe and Cu-0· 4Co-2· 8Al-1· 8Si) has been examined by subjecting thin circular diaphragms to one-sided hydrostatic pressure at elevated temperatures. Cited by 6 
  • Minimizing total setup cost for a metal casting company
    TA Spedding, I Bainbridge, DMR Taplin - Proceedings of the 36th …, 2004 - dl.acm.org

    Abstract The optimizing sequence of production for a set of customer orders-in order to minimize machine set-up time and costs-is one of the typical problems found in many manufacturing systems. In this paper, we develop a simulation model Cited by 6 
  • An experimental fracture map for uranium
    ALW Collins, DMR Taplin - Journal of Materials Science, 1978 - Springer

    Abstract A two-dimensional (Ashby) fracture mechanism map with normalized stress versus homologous temperature has been constructed for metallic uranium from published experimental data. Uranium exhibits many modes of fracture Cited by 7 
  • Cavity growth mechanisms during creep
    DMR Taplin
    , RC Gifkins - Acta Metallurgica, 1967 – Pergamon Cited by 5 
  • Minimizing total setup cost for a metal casting company
    TA Spedding, I Bainbridge, DMR Taplin - Proceedings of the 36th …, 2004 - dl.acm.org

    Abstract The optimizing sequence of production for a set of customer orders-in order to minimize machine set-up time and costs-is one of the typical problems found in many manufacturing systems. In this paper, we develop a simulation model Cited by 6

    Modelling a Green Supply ChainTA Spedding, DMR Taplin - Greening the supply 2006

    Abstract This paper presents a case study of a supply chain which is concerned with the distribution of aluminium metal, starting from raw material from a Metal Supplier to a Casting Plant, billets from the Casting Plant to the Component Producer, and finally, die-cast  Cited by 16


  •  Creep-fatigue of Inconel X-750DC Ferguson, DMR Taplin - Fatigue at Elevated, 1973 - books.google.comABSTRACT: A study has been made of the effect of superimposing a small lateral vibratory stress on the axial creep behavior of Inconel Alloy X-750 at 700 C. Tests were conducted in a specially designed creep-fatigue testing machine using specimens simulating gas Cited by 4 
  • Fracture mechanics and technologyS Harada, HC Hagendorf, S Ueda, DMR Taplin - 1977
    Proceedings of an International Conference on Fracture Mechanics and Technology, Hong Kong, March 21st-25th, 1977. Edited by GC Sih, Institute of Fracture and Solid Mechanics, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pa., USA and CL Chow, Department of Mechanical Engineering Cited by 4 
  •   Superplastic Copper Alloys
    DMR Taplin
    , GL Dunlop, S Sagat, RH Johnson – 1970 Cited by 4
  • Low cycle fatigue behaviour of a superplastic aluminium bronze
    C Gandhi, PR Rao, DMR Taplin - Metal Science, 1978 - maneyonline.com

    Abstract Low cycle fatigue behaviour of a superplastic aluminium bronze (9.5 wt.-% Al and 4.0 wt.-% Fe) has been investigated over the temperature range from ambient to 1073 K. The results fit the Coffin-Manson law, Cited by 3
  • Fatigue maps and wave-shape effects on fatigue
    ALW Collins, D Sidey, DMR Taplin - Canadian Metallurgical 1979 - maneyonline.com

    Abstract Low-cycle, high-temperature fatigue failure is a complex process which can result from the combined action of time independent plasticity, intergranular cavitation and environmental effects. The dominance of one mechanism over another, and interactions  Cited by 3 
  • A metallographic study of superplasticity and cavitation in microduplex Cu-40% Zn S Sagat, DMR TAPLIN - J INST MET, 1972 Cited by 3 
  • Applications of superplastic metals JL Duncan, E Shapiro DMR Taplin SMD 1972 Cited by 3 
  • The Hot Fracture Story DMR Taplin - Jublilee, Banaras Hindu University, 1973 Cited by 3 
  • Micromechanisms of Plasticity and Fracture
    JW Martin, MH Lewis, DMR Taplin - 1983 – Parsons Press
    Cited by 3
  • Fracture during superplastic flow of industrial Al-Mg alloys
    DMR Taplin
    , RF Smith - ICF4, Waterloo (Canada) 1977, 2013 - gruppofrattura.it
    Superplasticity has now evolved from the province of arcane academic studies and metallurgical legerdemain to the realm of industrial exploitation. Superplastic forming is used in the fabrication of a wide range of components Cited by 3 
  • Proceedings of the Interamerican Conference on Materials Technology,Mexico DMR Taplin, GL Dunlop, S Sagat, RH Johnson - 1970 – ASME Cited by 2 
  • Mechanics of Superplasticity Solid Mechanics Division, Report No. 29
    DMR Taplin
    , GL Dunlop, S Sagat, RH Johnson - University of Waterloo 1970 Cited by 2 
  • Micromechanisms of Plasticity and Fracture M H Lewis, DMR Taplin - 1983 UW Cited by 2 
  • The machining of metal matrix composites   P O'Reilly, J Monaghan, DMR Taplin – Irish Fracture and Durability1989 Cited by 2 
  • Production Defects in Titanium Sheet DMRTaplin Metal Industry 1962
  • Creep Study of a Cr-Mn Steel VVK Rao, P Rama Rao DMR Taplin - TRANS INDIAN INST METALS, 1970Cited by 2 
  • Manufacturing of ceramic matrix composites via electrophoretic deposition
    AR Boccaccini, DMR Taplin, EG Butler, PM Marquis Proc. 4th EUROMAT 1995
    Cited by 2 
  • Damage Mechanisms in the Low Cycle Fatigue of a Cu--Cr--Mg Alloy
    D Sidey, ALW Collins, DMR Taplin - Mechanical Behavior of Materials 1979
    Cited by 2 
  • Environmental Interaction During the High Temperature Fatigue of MZC Copper
    NY Tang, DMR Taplin - Environmental Problems in Materials Durability. IDFC1, 1983
    Cited by 2 
  • Determination of the Controlling Multiaxial Stress Rupture Criterion in Tubular Alloy 800 H Component CP Hunter, RC Hurst, DMR Taplin Powder Eng 1990. I Cited by 2 
  •   A model for predicting the propagation of fatigue cracks at elevated temperatures
    NY Tang, A Plumtree, DMR Taplin - Second Irish Durability and Fracture Conf, 1984
    Cited by 2 
  • Advances in Research on the Strength and Fracture of Materials
    GA Cooper, MR Piggott, DMR Taplin - Pergamon Press, New York
    Cited by 2