PERISCOPE aims to synthesise the literature using a realist approach to develop a programme theory for how community pharmacy can effectively support the public health agenda during pandemics such as COVID-19 including:

a) Understanding how pharmacy can prepare for and deliver new services (e.g. mass vaccination).

b) Understanding how pharmacy can continue to deliver existing essential services during medical emergencies.

We are doing this by looking at what has been written about COVID-19, previous pandemics and community pharmacy. We are also seeking advice from two advisory stakeholder groups containing pharmacy users, pharmacists and pharmacy support staff, doctors, nurses, and social care staff on the role of community pharmacy during the COVID-19 pandemic. We will then know more about what works and how. Based on this, we will then make guidelines to assist community pharmacy teams during COVID-19 and future pandemics.

This is a complex issue. It is important to understand what is happening, how and why. For these reasons, PERISCOPE is using realist methodology, and particularly realist synthesis.

PERISCOPE is running from August 2020 to February 2021.


This research is funded by the UKRI (Medical Research Council) and NIHR.

Meeting the team

Dr Ian Maidment (Chief Investigator)

ianDr Maidment is an academic pharmacist at Aston University. He has 25 years’ experience as a practicing pharmacist in community, industry, acute hospital and particularly within old age and adult psychiatry.

Ian has the lead role on the project ensuring it is completed successfully.



Tony Kelly (Patient and Public Involvement rep

Brittonyish born Tony Kelly, Jamaica raised, returned to England in 1979. Tony worked for 30 years as an Equality & Diversity manager with a Socio-Legal studies Masters Degree from University of Birmingham.

For nearly 8 years was a Diabetes UK Community Champion. His diabetes is controlled by physical activity & diet since diagnosis 17 years ago. Now a Diabetes Strategic Patient Partner - NHS Birmingham &Solihull CCG.

In 2018 Tony delivered diabetes sessions in Dominica for London School of Hygiene &Tropical Medicine/Queen’s Diamond Jubilee Trust. He is a Personal and Public Involvement representative at three universities.

After his two year personal campaign Public Health England changed the diabetic eye screening test result letters highlighting physical activity.

Tony hosts Birmingham’s BreakTru TV ‘Our Health Is Our Wealth’ and is a health & well-being multi-award winner.

Emma Young (Research Associate)

emma Emma is a pharmacist and researcher with experience in community and hospital pharmacy.

Dr Andrew Booth (Review Methodologist and Information Specialist)

Dboothr Booth is Reader at the School of Health and Related Research (ScHARR), University of Sheffield. His key research interests are around: methods for rapid review, qualitative evidence synthesis, information retrieval, and methods for realist synthesis.

Dr Geoff Wong (Realist Expert and Clinical Experience)

Dr Wgeoff-wongong is Associate Professor at the Nuffield Department and a part-time GP in London, United Kingdom. He will provide realist review methodological support to the project. He is a highly experienced researcher in realist evaluation and review. He led on the RAMESES projects, which developed quality and publication standards and training materials for realist reviews. He has worked on or provided methodological support to multiple realist projects.

Dr Andrea Hilton

andreaDr Hilton is a senior Lecturer and non-medical prescribing programme director at the University of Hull as well as a previous practising community pharmacist.

Dr Maura MacPhee (Professor)

mauraDr MacPhee is a Professor of Nursing and health systems researcher with an interest in realist methodology based at the University of British Columbia.

Hadar Zaman

Hadhadar-zamanar is a pharmacist and the head of the School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences at the University of Bradford.

Dr Juanita Breen

juanitaAssociate Professor at the University of Tasmania specialising in dementia care and medication use in aged care homes. She has worked as a community and primary care pharmacist in the UK and Australia.