Dr Robert Cubbidge

Senior Lecturer and Programme Director - BSc  Optometry

Lecturer on the Undergraduate Optometry Programme

School of Life and Health Sciences
Aston University
B4 7ET

email: r.p.cubbidge@aston.ac.uk
tel: +44 (0) 121 204 4107
fax: +44 (0) 121 204 4048 4220


Research Group

 Ophthalmic Research Group

Research Centre

Aston Research Centre for Healthy Ageing (ARCHA)

Centre for Research in Vision and Hearing(CRVH)

Robert Cubbidge 004

University of Bradford

  • BSc (Hons), Optometry (Ophthalmic Optics)

Optometrist Registration

  • Membership of the College of Optometrists

Aston University

  • Demonstrator
  • Education Officer
  • Lecturer
  • Examination variability in short-wavelength automated perimetry
  • Research Fellow
  • Professional Certificate in Teaching and Learning (HE)
  • of the Worshipful Company of Spectacle Makers











First Year

  • Ophthalmic Lenses (module leader)
  • Visual Optics and Medical Imaging  (module leader)

Second Year

  • Ophthalmic Optics
  • Optometric Instrumentation

Third Year

  • Abnormal Ocular Conditions
  • Elective Studies Supervision
  • First Year Tutor and Examinations Officer
  • Staff Student Consultative Committee
  • Optometry Programme Committee
  • School of Life and Health Sciences Teaching Committee: Optometry Representative
  • School of Life and Health Sciences Marketing Committee: Optometry Representative
  • Association of British Dispensing Opticians (ABDO) Distance Learning Institute: Access to Optics Course Designer
  • Birmingham Focus on Blindness: Consultant Clinical Scientist
  • CUBBIDGE RP (2005) Eye Essentials: Visual Fields. Butterworth-Heinemann ISBN 0750688512
  • CUBBIDGE RP (2003). Frequency doubling and short-wavelength automated perimetry. In Investigative techniques and ocular examination, Doshi S. & Harvey W. (Eds). Butterworth-Heinemann pp 97-102 ISBN 0750654043
  • CUBBIDGE RP (2003). Analysis of visual field data. In Investigative techniques and ocular examination, Doshi S. & Harvey W. (Eds). Butterworth-Heinemann pp 117-122 ISBN 0750654043
BBC2: Don’t Die Young: Eyes.  Transmitted 6th February 2007:


  • and Visual Fields. “Can I still drive?” Conference, Birmingham Focus on Blindness.
  • Tuition of Ophthalmic Lenses. Essilor Universities and Colleges Symposium. Paris, France.
  • and the Near Vision Response. Birmingham University Post-Graduate Medical School.
  • Fields: The Finer Points. Optometrists CET event at Aston Academy of Life Sciences.
  • of Visual Fields. Leicester and Rutland Optical Society Meeting.
  • Doubling Technology. Shropshire Optical Society Meeting. 

The visual field is all the space that an individual can see at a point in time. Perimetry is the measurement of the visual field. Standard techniques involve either moving a white light stimulus presented against a uniformly white background from an area of non-seeing until it is seen by the observer (kinetic perimetry) or gradually increasing the intensity of a white light stimulus at a fixed point in the visual field until it is seen by the observer (static perimetry). Non-standard techniques involve using stimuli which are tuned to specific channels in the visual system. This selective sampling enables abnormalities of the visual field to be detected at an earlier stage than can be accomplished using standard perimetry. 

Zeiss Humphrey Field Analyser
Zeiss Matrix Frequency Doubling Perimeter and Octopus 311 Perimeter
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My research takes place within the Ophthalmic Research Group and primarily concentrates on statistical analysis of visual field data and examination of structure-function relationships in central retinal eye disease and in autism. Perimetry methodologies currently being investigated are standard perimetry, short-wavelength automated perimetry (SWAP), flicker perimetry, frequency doubling technology (FDT) and microperimetry. I am also applying perimetry methodologies to multi-focal electroretinography (mERG) which is an objective visual field examination.

1. Application of SWAP to the central 10-degree visual field (Cubbidge et al 2002).


2. SWAP reveals defects with no other clinical signs (Cubbidge et al 2002) and may have diagnostic utility in age-related maculopathies.


1. SWAP reveals central visual field damage not previously documented (Hilton, Cubbidge, Hosking et al 2002).


I am also investigating visual function in autistic spectrum disorders in terms of non-standard visual field methodologies and in electrophysiological and optical methods of assessing eye movements. I also have research interests in biometry applications for measuring the visual space projection on the retina and in various topics in ophthalmic lenses and ophthalmic dispensing.

Amy Whiskens: Visual function in autistic spectrum disorders (Supervisor).

Jennifer Acton: Identification of risk factors for progression of age-related macular degeneration and diabetic maculopathy (Supervisor).

Miriam Conway: Investigation of visual defects attributed to Vigabatrin (Associate Supervisor). Completed 2005

Rebbeka Heitmar: Pre-clinical and clinical consequences of coronary artery disease on ocular blood flow and visual performance (Associate Supervisor).

Recent Publications